It also saved the professor from the tedium of repeatedly making many of the same corrections, writing long explanations of what had been thought to be readily apparent, or being so bogged down in addressing mechanical errors that conceptualizations were sidelined. Developing a rubric may be time consuming, especially the first time. One suggestion is to develop rubrics for just one or two assignments in your course and see how that goes.
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Asking colleagues if they have used rubrics in their courses may also be helpful — it may be possible to use a rubric that a colleague has already developed. While rubrics can be extremely useful and helpful in assessing student work, Selke , chapter 4 also points out that not every type of student work requires a rubric. For instance, multiple choice exams do not require a rubric, and rubrics may not be appropriate for certain types of student self-assessment.
For instance, the rubric for assessing a formal paper would be quite different from the rubric for a student poster or lab report. The rubric for a formal paper might award points for particular aspects of the paper.
The Term History Term Paper Rubric Chronicles
For example, depending on what the instructor wants to see the students achieving in their papers, any of the following elements plus many others could be detailed in the rubric, with particular numeric values:. The rubric consists of three essential elements — the Category Descriptions, the Definitions within the category, and the Weighting Criteria. For each category, you will also need to define what you are looking for within every increment of the Weighting Criteria. As an example, using the categories noted above, you have decided that the weighting scale for the assignment is 5 points for each category, so your scale results in a matrix looking like this:.
Within this rubric, you will need to describe each category, along with defining the weighting within each category.
Comparative Literature Term Paper Evaluation Rubric | Citation | American Psychological Association
For instance, you might describe your category as follows:. Background Research involves the ability to uncover, analyse and synthesize the breadth and depth of the topic through the use of contemporary text and journal literature, beyond the readings assigned for the course. Once each category has been described, you can then define the Weighting Criteria. For the Background Research example, you might weight it as follows:. However, because the individual numbers are not described, a minimal rubric provides little guidance [and] many students are still likely to ask why they got a [particular grade].
Having more complete definitions of your Weighting Criteria assures more consistent grading from TAs and also from yourself. We have all experienced the situation where grading becomes either more lenient or more restrictive as the number of papers graded increases and we lose some of our focus for the task. Having the weighting criteria well defined helps to avoid inconsistent grading and the clarity provided by the rubric helps to maintain focus and keep the grading on track. After you have scored all the student work using the rubric, the final step is to convert your scoring to the grade system required by your university.
She cautions that, for individual assignments, a simple or formulaic mathematical approach to rubric score conversions is often not effective. Rather, the instructor should determine what range of rubric scores is equivalent to an A, B, C etc.
What are Instructional Rubrics?
Breaking the rubric scores into ranges can be equated to a desirable letter or percentage grade, even though, strictly mathematically, the grade produced would be different. Boote, D. Literature Review Rubric.
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How to Create a Rubric in 6 Steps
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